People feel more comfortable when they know what to expect. The rule same applies to children. When you use a visual schedule for your child, you can help them:
- Know what's going to happen next
- Improve language skills
- Be more independent
- Learn first, next, then (sequencing)
Step 1: Choose Activities
Before you begin, think about the activities you want to include. Will your schedule cover the whole day? Just parts where your child has trouble?
Think about these questions and more as you complete step 1.
Step 2: Create a Schedule
When making your schedule, think about how your child gets information. Do they understand pictures? Words?
Also think about the materials you have available. There are lots of ideas online!
Consider these questions and more as you complete step 2.
Step 3: Try and Revise
Schedules are a great tool, but sometimes you will need to make changes.
As you get better at using a visual schedule, you will be able to make changes that help your child. Learn more in step 3.
It's tempting to put everything on you schedule, but children can get overwhelmed with long lists. You'll have more success if you focus on your child's needs. To help you decide, think about these questions:
Tip: Don't Forget Breaks!
When choosing activities, remember to include breaks. Breaks can include:
It's a good idea to add a break after difficult tasks.
There are lots of ways to make visual schedules. Schedules can be made with:
When choosing materials, think about whether you will take the schedule with you or use it at home. You should also think about size (for example, 2x2 inch icons are about the right size for a toddler or preschooler).
Next, think about the tasks on the schedule.
If possible, ask your child to help choose the icons. This can help them feel ownership of their schedule.
The final step is to make your schedule. Remember to make tasks durable and removable. Once your child has finished a task, they should remove it and put it in an "all done" pocket.
Tip: Getting Started
When starting out, it's best to use a simple schedule. Start with two symbols (first/then). For example, first get dressed, then go outside.
After your child understands first/then, you can add more steps.
Tip: Create Different Schedules for Different Activities
Rather than trying to fit a whole day into one schedule, create different schedules for different times of the day. For example, make a "morning routine" schedule and a "get ready for bed" schedule to use at different times of the day.
Try to be a responsive and reflective decision maker. If you see that your child is getting upset during a task, RESPOND. Maybe it's time to start that sensory break a little early and finish the task later in the day.
REFLECT at the end of the day. What worked? What didn't? Do you need to change the order of tasks? Build in more rewards or breaks?
Schedules are a great tool, but it's also important to be flexible. If you need to change your child's schedule, label that. For example, "I know your schedule says we are going to the store next, but we need to make a change. First we'll go to the post office and then we'll go to the store."